PHP Telegram Bot

PHP Telegram Bot logo

A Telegram Bot based on the official [Telegram Bot API] [![API Version](]( [![Join the bot support group on Telegram](]( [![Donate](](#donate) [![Build Status](]( [![Code Coverage](]( [![Code Quality](]( [![Latest Stable Version](]( [![Dependencies](][Tidelift] [![Total Downloads](]( [![Downloads Month](]( [![Minimum PHP Version](]( [![License](]( ## Table of Contents - [Introduction](#introduction) - [Instructions](#instructions) - [Create your first bot](#create-your-first-bot) - [Require this package with Composer](#require-this-package-with-composer) - [Choose how to retrieve Telegram updates](#choose-how-to-retrieve-telegram-updates) - [Webhook installation](#webhook-installation) - [Self Signed Certificate](#self-signed-certificate) - [Unset Webhook](#unset-webhook) - [getUpdates installation](#getupdates-installation) - [getUpdates without database](#getupdates-without-database) - [Support](#support) - [Types](#types) - [Inline Query](#inline-query) - [Methods](#methods) - [Send Message](#send-message) - [Send Photo](#send-photo) - [Send Chat Action](#send-chat-action) - [getUserProfilePhoto](#getuserprofilephoto) - [getFile and downloadFile](#getfile-and-downloadfile) - [Send message to all active chats](#send-message-to-all-active-chats) - [Filter Update](#filter-update) - [Utils](#utils) - [MySQL storage (Recommended)](#mysql-storage-recommended) - [External Database connection](#external-database-connection) - [Channels Support](#channels-support) - [Commands](#commands) - [Predefined Commands](#predefined-commands) - [Custom Commands](#custom-commands) - [Commands Configuration](#commands-configuration) - [Admin Commands](#admin-commands) - [Set Admins](#set-admins) - [Channel Administration](#channel-administration) - [Upload and Download directory path](#upload-and-download-directory-path) - [Logging](doc/ - [Documentation](#documentation) - [Assets](#assets) - [Example bot](#example-bot) - [Projects with this library](#projects-with-this-library) - [Troubleshooting](#troubleshooting) - [Contributing](#contributing) - [Security](#security) - [Donate](#donate) - [For enterprise](#for-enterprise) - [License](#license) - [Credits](#credits) ## Introduction This is a pure PHP Telegram Bot, fully extensible via plugins. Telegram announced official support for a [Bot API](, allowing integrators of all sorts to bring automated interactions to the mobile platform. This Bot aims to provide a platform where one can simply write a bot and have interactions in a matter of minutes. The Bot can: - Retrieve updates with [webhook](#webhook-installation) and [getUpdates](#getupdates-installation) methods. - Supports all types and methods according to Telegram Bot API 4.9 (June 2020). - Supports supergroups. - Handle commands in chat with other bots. - Manage Channel from the bot admin interface. - Full support for **inline bots**. - Inline keyboard. - Messages, InlineQuery and ChosenInlineQuery are stored in the Database. - Conversation feature. --- This code is available on [GitHub]( Pull requests are welcome. ## Instructions ### Create your first bot 1. Message [`@BotFather`]( with the following text: `/newbot` If you don't know how to message by username, click the search field on your Telegram app and type `@BotFather`, where you should be able to initiate a conversation. Be careful not to send it to the wrong contact, because some users have similar usernames to `BotFather`. ![BotFather initial conversation]( 2. `@BotFather` replies with: ``` Alright, a new bot. How are we going to call it? Please choose a name for your bot. ``` 3. Type whatever name you want for your bot. 4. `@BotFather` replies with: ``` Good. Now let's choose a username for your bot. It must end in `bot`. Like this, for example: TetrisBot or tetris_bot. ``` 5. Type whatever username you want for your bot, minimum 5 characters, and must end with `bot`. For example: `telesample_bot` 6. `@BotFather` replies with: ``` Done! Congratulations on your new bot. You will find it at You can now add a description, about section and profile picture for your bot, see /help for a list of commands. Use this token to access the HTTP API: 123456789:AAG90e14-0f8-40183D-18491dDE For a description of the Bot API, see this page: ``` 7. Note down the 'token' mentioned above. *Optionally set the bot privacy:* 1. Send `/setprivacy` to `@BotFather`. ![BotFather later conversation]( 2. `@BotFather` replies with: ``` Choose a bot to change group messages settings. ``` 3. Type (or select) `@telesample_bot` (change to the username you set at step 5 above, but start it with `@`) 4. `@BotFather` replies with: ``` 'Enable' - your bot will only receive messages that either start with the '/' symbol or mention the bot by username. 'Disable' - your bot will receive all messages that people send to groups. Current status is: ENABLED ``` 5. Type (or select) `Disable` to let your bot receive all messages sent to a group. 6. `@BotFather` replies with: ``` Success! The new status is: DISABLED. /help ``` ### Require this package with Composer Install this package through [Composer]. Edit your project's `composer.json` file to require `longman/telegram-bot`. Create *composer.json* file ```json { "name": "yourproject/yourproject", "type": "project", "require": { "php": ">=5.5", "longman/telegram-bot": "*" } } ``` and run `composer update` **or** run this command in your command line: ```bash composer require longman/telegram-bot ``` ### Choose how to retrieve Telegram updates The bot can handle updates with [**Webhook**](#webhook-installation) or [**getUpdates**](#getupdates-installation) method: | | Webhook | getUpdates | | ---- | :----: | :----: | | Description | Telegram sends the updates directly to your host | You have to fetch Telegram updates manually | | Host with https | Required | Not required | | MySQL | Not required | ([Not](#getupdates-without-database)) Required | ## Webhook installation Note: For a more detailed explanation, head over to the [example-bot repository] and follow the instructions there. In order to set a [Webhook][api-setwebhook] you need a server with HTTPS and composer support. (For a [self signed certificate](#self-signed-certificate) you need to add some extra code) Create [*set.php*][set.php] with the following contents: ```php setWebhook($hook_url); if ($result->isOk()) { echo $result->getDescription(); } } catch (Longman\TelegramBot\Exception\TelegramException $e) { // log telegram errors // echo $e->getMessage(); } ``` Open your *set.php* via the browser to register the webhook with Telegram. You should see `Webhook was set`. Now, create [*hook.php*][hook.php] with the following contents: ```php handle(); } catch (Longman\TelegramBot\Exception\TelegramException $e) { // Silence is golden! // log telegram errors // echo $e->getMessage(); } ``` ### Self Signed Certificate To upload the certificate, add the certificate path as a parameter in *set.php*: ```php $result = $telegram->setWebhook($hook_url, ['certificate' => '/path/to/certificate']); ``` ### Unset Webhook Edit [*unset.php*][unset.php] with your bot credentials and execute it. ## getUpdates installation For best performance, the MySQL database should be enabled for the `getUpdates` method! Create [*getUpdatesCLI.php*][getUpdatesCLI.php] with the following contents: ```php #!/usr/bin/env php 'localhost', 'port' => 3306, // optional 'user' => 'dbuser', 'password' => 'dbpass', 'database' => 'dbname', ]; try { // Create Telegram API object $telegram = new Longman\TelegramBot\Telegram($bot_api_key, $bot_username); // Enable MySQL $telegram->enableMySql($mysql_credentials); // Handle telegram getUpdates request $telegram->handleGetUpdates(); } catch (Longman\TelegramBot\Exception\TelegramException $e) { // log telegram errors // echo $e->getMessage(); } ``` Next, give the file permission to execute: ```bash $ chmod +x getUpdatesCLI.php ``` Lastly, run it! ```bash $ ./getUpdatesCLI.php ``` ### getUpdates without database If you choose to / or are obliged to use the `getUpdates` method without a database, you can replace the `$telegram->useMySQL(...);` line above with: ```php $telegram->useGetUpdatesWithoutDatabase(); ``` ## Support ### Types All types are implemented according to Telegram API (20 January 2016). ### Inline Query Full support for inline query according to Telegram API (20 January 2016). ### Methods All methods are implemented according to Telegram API (20 January 2016). #### Send Message Messages longer than 4096 characters are split up into multiple messages. ```php $result = Request::sendMessage([ 'chat_id' => $chat_id, 'text' => 'Your utf8 text 😜 ...', ]); ``` #### Send Photo To send a local photo, add it properly to the `$data` parameter using the file path: ```php $result = Request::sendPhoto([ 'chat_id' => $chat_id, 'photo' => Request::encodeFile('/path/to/pic.jpg'), ]); ``` If you know the `file_id` of a previously uploaded file, just use it directly in the data array: ```php $result = Request::sendPhoto([ 'chat_id' => $chat_id, 'photo' => 'AAQCCBNtIhAoAAss4tLEZ3x6HzqVAAqC', ]); ``` To send a remote photo, use the direct URL instead: ```php $result = Request::sendPhoto([ 'chat_id' => $chat_id, 'photo' => '', ]); ``` *sendAudio*, *sendDocument*, *sendAnimation*, *sendSticker*, *sendVideo*, *sendVoice* and *sendVideoNote* all work in the same way, just check the [API documentation]( for the exact usage. See the [*ImageCommand.php*][ImageCommand.php] for a full example. #### Send Chat Action ```php Request::sendChatAction([ 'chat_id' => $chat_id, 'action' => Longman\TelegramBot\ChatAction::TYPING, ]); ``` #### getUserProfilePhoto Retrieve the user photo, see [*WhoamiCommand.php*][WhoamiCommand.php] for a full example. #### getFile and downloadFile Get the file path and download it, see [*WhoamiCommand.php*][WhoamiCommand.php] for a full example. #### Send message to all active chats To do this you have to enable the MySQL connection. Here's an example of use (check [`DB::selectChats()`][DB::selectChats] for parameter usage): ```php $results = Request::sendToActiveChats( 'sendMessage', // Callback function to execute (see Request.php methods) ['text' => 'Hey! Check out the new features!!'], // Param to evaluate the request [ 'groups' => true, 'supergroups' => true, 'channels' => false, 'users' => true, ] ); ``` You can also broadcast a message to users, from the private chat with your bot. Take a look at the [admin commands](#admin-commands) below. #### Filter Update Update processing can be allowed or denied by defining a custom update filter. Let's say we only want to allow messages from a user with ID 428, we can do the following before handling the request: ```php $telegram->setUpdateFilter(function (Update $update, Telegram $telegram, &$reason = 'Update denied by update_filter') { $user_id = $update->getMessage()->getFrom()->getId(); if ($user_id === 428) { return true; } $reason = "Invalid user with ID {$user_id}"; return false; }); ``` The reason for denying an update can be defined with the `$reason` parameter. This text gets written to the debug log. ## Utils ### MySQL storage (Recommended) If you want to save messages/users/chats for further usage in commands, create a new database (`utf8mb4_unicode_520_ci`), import *structure.sql* and enable MySQL support after object creation and BEFORE `handle()` method: ```php $mysql_credentials = [ 'host' => 'localhost', 'port' => 3306, // optional 'user' => 'dbuser', 'password' => 'dbpass', 'database' => 'dbname', ]; $telegram->enableMySql($mysql_credentials); ``` You can set a custom prefix to all the tables while you are enabling MySQL: ```php $telegram->enableMySql($mysql_credentials, $bot_username . '_'); ``` You can also store inline query and chosen inline query data in the database. #### External Database connection It is possible to provide the library with an external MySQL PDO connection. Here's how to configure it: ```php $telegram->enableExternalMySql($external_pdo_connection) //$telegram->enableExternalMySql($external_pdo_connection, $table_prefix) ``` ### Channels Support All methods implemented can be used to manage channels. With [admin commands](#admin-commands) you can manage your channels directly with your bot private chat. ## Commands ### Predefined Commands The bot is able to recognise commands in a chat with multiple bots (/command@mybot). It can execute commands that get triggered by chat events. Here's the list: - *StartCommand.php* (A new user starts to use the bot.) - *NewChatMembersCommand.php* (A new member(s) was added to the group, information about them.) - *LeftChatMemberCommand.php* (A member was removed from the group, information about them.) - *NewChatTitleCommand.php* (A chat title was changed to this value.) - *NewChatPhotoCommand.php* (A chat photo was changed to this value.) - *DeleteChatPhotoCommand.php* (Service message: the chat photo was deleted.) - *GroupChatCreatedCommand.php* (Service message: the group has been created.) - *SupergroupChatCreatedCommand.php* (Service message: the supergroup has been created.) - *ChannelChatCreatedCommand.php* (Service message: the channel has been created.) - *MigrateToChatIdCommand.php* (The group has been migrated to a supergroup with the specified identifier.) - *MigrateFromChatIdCommand.php* (The supergroup has been migrated from a group with the specified identifier.) - *PinnedMessageCommand.php* (Specified message was pinned.) - *GenericmessageCommand.php* (Handle any type of message.) - *GenericCommand.php* (Handle commands that don't exist or to use commands as a variable.) - Favourite colour? */black, /red* - Favourite number? */1, /134* ### Custom Commands Maybe you would like to develop your own commands. There is a guide to help you [create your own commands][wiki-create-your-own-commands]. Also, be sure to have a look at the [example commands][ExampleCommands-folder] to learn more about custom commands and how they work. ### Commands Configuration With this method you can set some command specific parameters, for example: ```php // Google geocode/timezone API key for /date command $telegram->setCommandConfig('date', [ 'google_api_key' => 'your_google_api_key_here', ]); // OpenWeatherMap API key for /weather command $telegram->setCommandConfig('weather', [ 'owm_api_key' => 'your_owm_api_key_here', ]); ``` ### Admin Commands Enabling this feature, the bot admin can perform some super user commands like: - List all the chats started with the bot */chats* - Clean up old database entries */cleanup* - Show debug information about the bot */debug* - Send message to all chats */sendtoall* - Post any content to your channels */sendtochannel* - Inspect a user or a chat with */whois* Take a look at all default admin commands stored in the [*src/Commands/AdminCommands/*][AdminCommands-folder] folder. #### Set Admins You can specify one or more admins with this option: ```php // Single admin $telegram->enableAdmin(your_telegram_user_id); // Multiple admins $telegram->enableAdmins([ your_telegram_user_id, other_telegram_user_id, ]); ``` Telegram user id can be retrieved with the [*/whoami*][WhoamiCommand.php] command. #### Channel Administration To enable this feature follow these steps: - Add your bot as channel administrator, this can be done with any Telegram client. - Enable admin interface for your user as explained in the admin section above. - Enter your channel name as a parameter for the [*/sendtochannel*][SendtochannelCommand.php] command: ```php $telegram->setCommandConfig('sendtochannel', [ 'your_channel' => [ '@type_here_your_channel', ] ]); ``` - If you want to manage more channels: ```php $telegram->setCommandConfig('sendtochannel', [ 'your_channel' => [ '@type_here_your_channel', '@type_here_another_channel', '@and_so_on', ] ]); ``` - Enjoy! ## Upload and Download directory path To use the Upload and Download functionality, you need to set the paths with: ```php $telegram->setDownloadPath('/your/path/Download'); $telegram->setUploadPath('/your/path/Upload'); ``` ## Documentation Take a look at the repo [Wiki] for further information and tutorials! Feel free to improve! ## Assets All project assets can be found in the [assets]( repository. ## Example bot We're busy working on a full A-Z example bot, to help get you started with this library and to show you how to use all its features. You can check the progress of the [example-bot repository]). ## Projects with this library Here's a list of projects that feats this library, feel free to add yours! - [Inline Games]( ([@inlinegamesbot]( - [Super-Dice-Roll]( ([@superdiceroll_bot]( - [tg-mentioned-bot]( ## Troubleshooting If you like living on the edge, please report any bugs you find on the [PHP Telegram Bot issues][issues] page. ## Contributing See [CONTRIBUTING]( for more information. ## Security See [SECURITY]( for more information. ## Donate All work on this bot consists of many hours of coding during our free time, to provide you with a Telegram Bot library that is easy to use and extend. If you enjoy using this library and would like to say thank you, donations are a great way to show your support. Donations are invested back into the project :+1: Thank you for keeping this project alive :pray: - [![Patreon](][Patreon] - [![OpenCollective](][OpenCollective] - [![Ko-fi](][Ko-fi] - [![Tidelift](][Tidelift] - [![Liberapay](][Liberapay] - [![PayPal](][PayPal-noplanman] (account of @noplanman) - [![Bitcoin]( 166NcyE7nDxkRPWidWtG1rqrNJoD5oYNiV][Bitcoin] - [![Ethereum]( 0x485855634fa212b0745375e593fAaf8321A81055][Ethereum] ## For enterprise Available as part of the Tidelift Subscription. The maintainers of `PHP Telegram Bot` and thousands of other packages are working with Tidelift to deliver commercial support and maintenance for the open source dependencies you use to build your applications. Save time, reduce risk, and improve code health, while paying the maintainers of the exact dependencies you use. [Learn more.][Tidelift] ## License Please see the [LICENSE](LICENSE) included in this repository for a full copy of the MIT license, which this project is licensed under. ## Credits Credit list in [CREDITS](CREDITS) --- [Telegram Bot API]: "Telegram Bot API" [Composer]: "Composer" [example-bot repository]: "Example Bot repository" [api-setwebhook]: "Webhook on Telegram Bot API" [set.php]: "example set.php" [unset.php]: "example unset.php" [hook.php]: "example hook.php" [getUpdatesCLI.php]: "example getUpdatesCLI.php" [AdminCommands-folder]: "Admin commands folder" [ExampleCommands-folder]: "Example commands folder" [ImageCommand.php]: "example /image command" [WhoamiCommand.php]: "example /whoami command" [HelpCommand.php]: "example /help command" [SendtochannelCommand.php]: "/sendtochannel admin command" [DB::selectChats]: "DB::selectChats() parameters" [Wiki]: "PHP Telegram Bot Wiki" [wiki-create-your-own-commands]: "Create your own commands" [issues]: "PHP Telegram Bot Issues" [Patreon]: "Support us on Patreon" [OpenCollective]: "Support us on Open Collective" [Ko-fi]: "Support us on Ko-fi" [Tidelift]: "Learn more about the Tidelift Subscription" [Liberapay]: "Donate with Liberapay" [PayPal-noplanman]: "Donate with PayPal" [Bitcoin]: "Donate with Bitcoin" [Ethereum]: "Donate with Ethereum"